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Homepage / How do I reference a market or industry report… in the APA7 style?

How do I reference a market or industry report… in the APA7 style?


Those of you using market and industry research in your assignments will need to know how to correctly reference any reports that you include in your work.

To list a report in your references, you would need to record the following elements:

  • Author(s) – either individuals  (Surname, Initials.) or a group author – such as an organisation.
  • (Date of publication).
  • Title of report (with report number – if applicable – within a set of round brackets).
  • Publisher name – omit this element if the publisher is the same as the author.
  • URL

Say, for example, you were using the report from IBISWorld pictured below, your reference would look like this:

Dinev, K. (2021). Takeaway & Fast-Food Restaurants in the UK. IBISWorld.

Many research reports do not have a named author. If you were referencing the FitchConnect report below, which has no author listed, you would use the publisher’s name (FitchSolutions) as a corporate author and then omit the publisher details from your reference.

Screenshot of FitchConnect industry report

Your resulting reference would look like this:

FitchSolutions. (2022). Qatar banking & financial services report (Q4 2022).

Remember to always format APA7 references with a hanging indent. This may not always be obvious with short references like those above.

For all your referencing questions – please contact your Library.

Please note: Cranfield supports two different referencing styles – APA7 (Author-date) and Numbered (NLM). Please make sure you use the style preferred by your supervisor or lecturer. The advice above relates only to the APA7 style. If you have any questions about referencing, please contact the Library.

Feature image from Pixabay. Available at:

Karen Stokes

Written By: Karen Stokes

A Business Librarian since 2009, Karen leads support for the Cranfield MBA courses, both full-time and Executive.

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