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Homepage / How do I reference my lecture notes… in the APA7 style?

How do I reference my lecture notes… in the APA7 style?


Logging in from off campus

So you want to use an example from your lecture notes in your assignment? You might want to reuse a diagram or infographic that your tutor has created – or just replicate some text from their slides. Here’s how to do this in the APA7 style.

So, first of all, what information do you need in the reference?

  • Author  – Surname, Initials.
  • (Date of publication).
  • Title: with subtitle separated by a colon and written in italics. Follow this with a description of the work in square brackets, e.g. [PowerPoint presentation].
  • Platform or website where the materials are located.
  • URL – Include a URL if the materials are available online (but only include if the material has come from a platform that will be available to the reader of your work).

And how should my reference look?

Here’s an example of a reference for some lecture notes from the MBA ‘Economics of Business and Strategy’ module.

Angus, A. (2022). Demand and revenue [PowerPoint slides]. Canvas Cranfield.

Always remember to separate each element in your reference with a full stop and a space – and to format APA7 references with a hanging indent.

Please bear in mind that if your tutor has uploaded any pre-published documents to your VLE, they should be referenced in their own format – whether that be as a book chapter, an article, report, etc. Please check our APA7 referencing guide if you are unsure. The format above is solely for slides and lecture materials.

For all your referencing questions – please contact your Library.

Please note: Cranfield supports two different referencing styles – APA7 (Author-date) and Numbered (NLM). Please make sure you use the style preferred by your supervisor or lecturer. The advice above relates only to the APA7 style. If you have any questions about referencing, please contact the Library.

Feature image from Pixabay. Available at:

Karen Stokes

Written By: Karen Stokes

A Business Librarian since 2009, Karen leads support for the Cranfield MBA courses, both full-time and Executive.

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