How do I reference images, diagrams, charts and tables… in the Cranfield Author-date style?
Have you found an image or chart that you would like to reproduce in your report or assignment? If so, you’ll need to know how to correctly cite and reference it.
How to cite figures
A figure may be any diagram, chart, image or photograph. If you decide to use a figure in your work, you will need to number it and include details of the source (the author, date, and page number if available) directly below the image itself.
Figure 1: Attitudes towards and usage of selected brands, January 2015 and November 2014
Source: Mintel (2015)
You will also need to include a full bibliographic reference at the end of your work:
Mintel (2015) Menswear – UK. March. Available at: http://academic.mintel.com/. (Accessed 26 March 2015).
How to cite tables
As with figures, if you are using a table in your work, you will need to number it and include the source information below the image.
Table 1: United States, Total GDP 2009-2014
Source: Euromonitor International (2015)
You will also then need to include a full bibliographic reference at the end of your work:
Euromonitor International (2015) United States, Total GDP 2009-2014. Available at: http://www.portal.euromonitor.com/. (Accessed 26 March 2015).
If you have taken data from one of the MIRC resources and developed it in some way you will need to indicate this in your in-text citation:
Source: Adapted by the author from Datastream
Source: Author, based upon data taken from FAME and Bloomberg.
Remember to also include a bibliographic reference for each source following the example above. As always if you have any questions about referencing, please contact us.
Feature image from Pixabay. Available at: https://pixabay.com/photos/analysis-analytics-business-charts-1841158/
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