Discover our blogs

Aerospace | Cranfield University


Agrifood | Cranfield University


Alumni | Cranfield University


Careers | Cranfield University


Careers | Cranfield University

Defence and Security

Design | Cranfield University


Energy and Power | Cranfield University

Energy and Sustainability

Environment | Cranfield University


Forensics | Cranfield University


Libraries | Cranfield University


Libraries | Cranfield University

Manufacturing and Materials

Libraries | Cranfield University

School of Management

Libraries | Cranfield University

Transport Systems

Water | Cranfield University


Homepage / How do I reference financial data… in the APA7 style?

How do I reference financial data… in the APA7 style?


We all know how to cite and reference from books, journals, the internet and even blog posts, but what about financials? Just like information from other sources, data retrieved from a specialist finance resource should be acknowledged in the same way.

The format for referencing financials in APA7 style – whether a set of financial data, accounting or financial dataset – is essentially the same.

Here’s what you need to include in your reference:

  • Author or authorising organisation.
  • (Date of publication include day and month if available).
  • Title or section of report OR Title of data extract in italicsFollow this with a description of the work in square brackets, e.g. [Financial Data].
  • Platform or website where the materials are located.
  • URL –  include a URL if the materials are available online (only include if the material has come from a platform that will be available to the reader of your work)  – or Retrieved Month, Date, from database/source name.

And how your references should look:

Bloomberg L.P. (2017). Tesco PLC daily share price (2011-2016) [Financial Data]. Retrieved March 2, 2017, from Bloomberg terminal.

S&P Capital IQ (2022). Meta Platforms, Inc. annual income statement 2017 to 2022 [Financial Data]. Retrieved August 11, 2022, from S&P Capital IQ platform.

What about your in-text citations?

Where you make reference to these in your text, follow the normal ‘name and date’ conventions and simply follow any mention with (Bloomberg, 2017) or (S&P Capital IQ, 2022) or a variation thereon.

Any questions?

As always, if you have any questions about referencing, please contact the Library.

Please note: Cranfield supports two different referencing styles – APA7 (Author-date) and Numbered (NLM). Please make sure you use the style preferred by your supervisor or lecturer. The advice above relates only to the APA7 style. If you have any questions about referencing, please contact the Library.

Feature image from Pixabay. Available at:

Tracey Nunn

Written By: Tracey Nunn

A Business Librarian since 2006, Tracey leads support for taught MSc courses in the School of Management Library.

Categories & Tags:

Leave a comment on this post:

Sign up for more information about studying master’s and research degrees at Cranfield

Sign up now
Go to Top